Indigenous Peoples' Climate Change Portal

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Nepal Resource Material Print

Nestled between India and Autonomous Region of China, Nepal is home to the world's highest peak, Mt. Everest, which grazes along the Himalayan mountain ranges. While eight of the highest peaks are seated in Nepal, some of its regions are low-lying, which would define the extreme climate variation of the country. Nepal is comprised these geographical regions: the Terai region (humid tropical), Siwaliks (moist sub-tropical), the mountain region, which is divided into the middle mountain (temperate) and the high mountain (cool to sub-alpine), and the High Himalayas (alpine to artic). In just a distance of 200 kilometers, the variation from a tropical climate to an arctic climate is felt. One of the few densely populated countries, Nepal has a population of approximately 23 million (2001 Census). The concentration of this population are higher in rural areas and the economy is very much dependent on agriculture...

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